Bunting - The Ancient Music of Ireland, Volume 1, Issue 1, Page 64

Bunting - The Ancient Music of Ireland, Volume 1, Issue 1, Page 64
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periodical Publisher
Hodges & Smith, Dublin, 1840
periodical Editor
Edward Bunting
periodical Title
Bunting - The Ancient Music of Ireland
volume Number
issue Content
ANCIENT MUSIC OF IRELAND.exercises, founded on the practice of the parent house at Bangor, contains express directionsfor the singing of the psalter by the household in choirs, as noticed by Doctor Ledwich inhis learned treatise in Walkers Bards. In truth, it was from these choirs that Bangor itselftook its narne.b Antiphonial singing was also practised in the same monastery, as early asthe ,Northumbrian Mission, and the very Antiphonary of Bangor itself is still preserved ina MS. of the seventh century at Bobio, in Italy,c alluding to which, Gerebert says, whenspeaking of the propagation of Christianity among the German nations in that age, To thisepoch we may refer the antiphonary of the monastery of Bangor, whence St. Columbanus,coming forth with St. Abbo, his companion, not only imbued our Germany with the lightof the Christian faith, but also with the principles of ascetic living. Doubtless, hecontinues, the first rule for arranging ecclesiastical services among us, as made up ofpsalms, canticles, hymns, collects, and antiphonics, was hence derived. d Usher andMabillon cite, with regard to the same choral service of Bangor, a tract, .De Gurszwm Eccie-siasficoriim Origine, first noticed by Spelman, and of which there was extant a manuscriptcopy nine hundred years old at the time when Usher wrote (1639.) This tract states asfollows: Saint Jerome affirms that the same service (cursurn) which is performed at thepresent time (i. e. in the seventh century) by the Scots, was chaunteci likewise by SaintMark. Patrick, when placed by Lupus and Germanus as archbishop over the Scots andBritons, chaunted the same service there, and, after him, Saint Wandilochus Senex andSaint Comogill, who had about three thousand iii their monastery, (chaunted it also.) SaintWandilochus being thence sent forth as a preacher by Saint Comogill, as also Saint Colurn-banus, they arrived at Louvaine, in Gaul, and there they chaunted the same service, andthence the fame of their sanctity was spread abroad over the earth, &c. ; ai d thus that(service) which St. Mark the Evangelist had once chaunted was revived again under theblessed Columbanus. e However apochryphal the apostolic antiquity thins assigned to thechoral service of Bangor, the evidence as to its use in and before the seventh century isunquestionable, and invests every fragment of it that has come down to us with a very highdegree of historic interest. The whole Antiphonary is preserved, and is given, togetherwith a hymn entitled Memoria Patrurn Nostrorum, by Muratori in his Ambrosian Anec-dotes, and by OConnor in the first volume of his Rerum Hibernicarurn Scriptores. Bothare composed in perfect rhyme, as well as in regular rythm; as a specimen of which, a versein praise of Bangor is subj oined, from the Antiphonary.Totem psalterium inter duas supradictas noctes numero cantent, duoclecim choris * * Ad initium veronoctis duodecim psalmi similiter psalluntur * * * Sub uno curse 75 (psalmi) cantantur.(Reg. Mon. Ed. Sirini,c. vii. p. 6.) The fourth chapter is, De eo qui in exordio psalini non bene cantaverit. (p. 20.) See Rer. Hib.Scrip. Vet. v. i. p. clxiv.; Anec. Ambros. p. 121.b tan choip, the fair choir; or en choip, t1 o head choir.C Muratori. Anec. t. iv. p. 121. d Gerebert Mus. Sac. v. i. p. 164-5.IJssher Primord p. 842; Mabillon de Lithrg. Gal. 884.
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periodical Author
Edward Bunting
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Bunting - The Ancient Music of Ireland

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